Browsing articles in "P – T"
May
16
2012

Put call ratio:

Fundamental analysis

Put call ratio is one of the widely used ratios to indicate the market sentiments. It is a contrarian indicator. It measures the total volume of put options traded against the total volume of call options traded. The ratio indicates when investors are bullish on markets and when they are bearish for them. There are various types of put call ratios and the way to analyse them also differs from analyst to analyst. Calculation of […]

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Mar
28
2012

Sweat Equity:

Sweat equity refers to the equity created in a company as result of the owners’ hard work and efforts. When starting a company/business some partners contribute capital to earn their stake while others chose to put in their efforts in return of either low or no financial compensation. This is called as sweat equity. Sweat equity is sometimes referred to as “equity compensation” or “stock for services”. Thus cash stripped entrepreneurs prefer to collect sweat […]

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Mar
20
2012

Tax Holiday:

It is a government initiative to provide relaxation or elimination from taxes to certain businesses. The objective of such a program is to contribute to the growth of a particular sector/business or attract more investment through FDI (Foreign Direct Investment). When tax payers are provided with such tax reductions then it do attract more of the foreign investment which is crucial for it’s development and growth. Mostly developing nations like India do favour tax holiday […]

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Mar
10
2012

Pre-open session

It is a session of 15 minutes from 9:00 – 9:15 am. This session has been introduced by the exchanges to control the volatility in the markets during the opening. This session consists of three phases: 1) Order entry period: This is a 8 min. session (9:00 – 9:08 am) which includes order collection by the exchanges. No actual trading is done during this period. Clients can modify or delete the orders placed. 2) Price […]

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Mar
10
2012

Recession

It is a period of significant economic decline. The indicators of recession are declining numbers of gross domestic product (GDP), employment rate, investment spending, capacity utilization, household incomes, business profits, and inflation; while bankruptcies and unemployment rate rise. The technical indicator of recession is two consecutive quarters of negative economic growth. If recession continues over several quarters then this results into depression.

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Mar
10
2012

Top Line

For a business, top line indicates the gross revenue or total sales in a particular period. This factor does not consider the operating costs. As contrast to bottom line as explained earlier; here only the effectiveness of the company in generating sales is determined. Whereas bottom line determines the efficiency of the company in controlling it’s operating costs and enhancing the net profit. Thus both top and bottom line play an important role in determining […]

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